One of the riches of art that East Java has is about musical instruments. This is because this province has so many interesting traditional musical instruments to play.
The following are East Javanese musical instruments that are worth learning. In addition to the fun sound, how to play it is also interesting.
Various East Java Musical Instruments and How to Play them
Gamelan instruments are not only used in Java, but also in Sundanese and Balinese. In East Java, this musical instrument is widely used in musical performances.
How to play it, just tap or hit with a padded cloth. The sound produced is in the form of a pentatonic scale, on the pelog and slendro scale systems.
This one is also included in the Gamelan range of musical instruments. Generally, this Bonang musical instrument is in the form of a small gong, arranged horizontally, which is played by slaping or tapping. To make it, it takes material from iron or bronze metal.
3. Reog Trumpets
Reog trumpets are widely used to accompany Reog Ponoorogo art performances. The way to play it is by blowing it, because this instrument is included in the aerophone musical instrument category.
4. Angklung Reog
As the name implies, this Angklung musical instrument is intended to accompany Reog Ponorogo performance. This instrument is made of bamboo, decorated with yellow and red threads, and has an arch.
How to play it, Angklung Reog is held at the end of a bamboo, like how to hold a gun. Hold it at the waist and neck, then snap this tool with the help of hand movements, from right to left. In that way, this tool can produce sound.
Saronen musical instruments are widely developed on the island of Madura. Judging from the harmony, this tool is indeed synonymous with the character of the Madurese who are firm and open. The distinctive feature of this blown instrument is that it has nine distinctive instruments and is adapted to Islamic philosophical values.
Traditional Kluncing musical instruments are widely used in the traditional dance accompaniment of Banyuwangi, namely the Gandrung Dance. This equipment is made of metal or iron, which is shaped like a triangle musical instrument.
This cannot be separated from the influence of European culture. To play it, Kluncing must be hit with a bat, which is also made of metal.
Selompret is also one of the traditional musical instruments of East Java, which is influenced by European culture. The selompret is a wind instrument with a fairly simple tone control, because it only uses lip movements. Generally, this musical instrument is widely used as an accompaniment to dance arts from the Banyuwangi region.
Kempul is one of the components of the Gamelan instrument in East Java. Just like Gong, this Kempul musical instrument is also hung in line to be one.
The difference is, a musical instrument that is played by beating this way, can produce a higher sound compared to gong. To make it, materials from copper and tin are needed.
9. Kethuk Esri
The Esri kethuk is also a musical instrument similar to gong. This instrument is played by tapping on the upper protrusion, resulting in a low musical sound.
Tong-tong traditional musical instruments are also known as kentongan. These barrels are made of wood or bamboo, with three types of tones produced, namely the middle tone, medium tone and high tone.
Along with the development of the times, now there are also many Tong-tong musical instruments that have various tones. The way to play Tong-tong is by hitting the middle, with a special batting rate.
11. Gendhang Banyuwangi
Banyuwangi is one of the areas in East Java which has a variety of musical instruments. One of them is the Gendhang instrument. Usually this musical instrument is used in a music or dance accompaniment typical of Banyuwangi.
Well, the way to play it is quite simple, namely by just beating it with your hand. However, to produce a good sound, the way of playing is not arbitrary and must have special skills
12. Suling Bambu
As the name implies, this flute or flute musical instrument is made of bamboo, with 6 tone holes and 1 blow hole. However, over time, many of these tools have been made with synthetic materials, although the sound produced is not as distinctive as the bamboo flute.
To play it, the Bamboo Flute is used by blowing it. By mastering some special blowing techniques, this tool can bring out distinctive and special tones.
13. UI Dhaul
This musical instrument comes from the Sumenep area, Madura. As a rule, UI Dhaul is often used for musical performances combined with various other traditional musical instruments.
Not only that, this musical instrument is also often used as accompaniment in Madurese art performances. Well, this UI Dhaul musical instrument can be played by beating.
14. Kethuk Jaler
The Kethuk Jaler is a traditional musical instrument that is still in the same group as the Esri Kethuk. The difference is, this equipment can produce a tone that is one kwint higher than Kethuk Esri. The way to play it yourself is by beating or tapping it.
15. Angklung Caruk
Not much different from the Angklung from West Java, this musical instrument originating from Banyuwangi is also made of bamboo, the ends are cut and tied together.
How to use it is quite easy, namely by shaking this instrument, so that this bamboo pipe produces sound. The term Caruk itself, comes from the word Carok or Caruk, which means a match or race.
The Ketipung musical instrument is one of the most well-known rhythmic musical instruments in Indonesia. Usually, this equipment is often used to accompany dangdut music, with a distinctive characteristic sound that stands out.
Although at first glance it looks like a drum, the way to play this Ketipung is much different, because this tool is actually played in a vertical direction. While Gendang, beaten in a horizontal direction.
17. Kenong Telok
Kenong Telok musical instruments, originally from Madura Island. As the name implies, Kenong means three, which means that this tool has three small gongs, which are arranged in one row made of wood.
Meanwhile, this Kenong Telok musical instrument is made of brass. And how to use it is also quite easy, namely by beating or tapping it with a special tool, like playing Kempul and Bonang.
Rending musical instruments are made from a fairly simple material, namely silatah or kilit of bamboo with a size of approximately 12.5 cm. Then, in the middle it is cut, so that it forms an elongated cleavage as a place to produce sound.
The way to play this Rending instrument is quite easy, namely by putting it in your mouth. Then, if the base of the end is pulled with a rope that was previously tied, it will cause a sound that comes from the oral cavity. Generally, this tool is widely used as entertainment in the middle of the farmers’ spare time, while waiting for the rice to turn yellow.
Well , that is the information about various East Java musical instruments. Next, let’s learn about the various cultures of the Indonesian people. Increase your insight by reading about tari kipas.